Nouman Ali Khan lecture – Student Notes obtained from islamicawakening.com forum.
It’s Relation to the Previous Surah
Surah Tariq in relation to end of Surah Buruj – it’s last aayah/verse is;
فِي لَوْحٍ مَّحْفُوظٍ
(Inscribed) in Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz (The Preserved Tablet)! [Buruj 85:22]
The Lauh al-Mahfuz, is a preserved tablet which contains the information of all that has and will occur uptill the Day of Ressurection. This is above our universe, and in the heavens/skies (the Samaa’).
The samaa’ is above us, so the end of the previous surah (mentioning the Lauh al Mahfuz) is related to the beginning of this surah (the samaa’).
Surah Tariq starts with a Qasm/oath of “wal samaa‘” I swear by the sky, and what is above us. Surah Buruj also starts like this;
وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الْبُرُوجِ
By the heaven, holding the big stars. (Buruj 85:1)
Also, in surah Buruj, Allah says about the disbelievers;
وَاللَّهُ مِن وَرَائِهِم مُّحِيطٌ
While Allah encompasses them from behind. (Buruj 85:20)
And in this surah, Allah tells us;
إِن كُلُّ نَفْسٍ لَّمَّا عَلَيْهَا حَافِظٌ
There is no soul but that it has over it a protector. (Tariq 86:4)
Guardian over them / alayha hafiz.
So in both surahs – there is mention of humans being encompassed from every side by angels – who are against the human, and more specifically the disbeliever (especially the one hearing this for the first time in Makkah during the life of Prophet Muhammad (saws)) who opposes Islam (because they are writing his every deed down.)
Dua 1 – Right after Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) gives Ibrahim (alayhis salaam) the glad tidings that he is a friend of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala), the first thing that Ibrahim asks is, “What about the future generations after me?” This is the mindset of a genius. Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) said, “Nay, My guarantee does not extend to wrongdoers.”
Dua 2 – Ibrahim (alayhis salaam) does not give up and makes a dua that “Oh Allah, make this city peaceful, and provide its children from all types of provision”. In English literature, this would be known as peace and prosperity, and in political science, one learns that the first thing needed for a functioning society is law and order, which is essentially peace. But even in a peaceful society, jobs are also needed, so a society actually needs both peace and prosperity. Ibrahim (alayhis salaam) then adds a disclaimer, “Only provide for the children of mine who believe in Allah and the Last Day”. Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) then says, “I will also provide some for those who do not believe, and then will drag him into the punishment of the Fire.”
Dua 3 – Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) countered his dua twice, but Ibrahim (alayhis salaam) does not give up and makes another Dua (while building the Ka’bah with his son), “Our Lord, accept from us”. In this Dua, Ibrahim (alaihis salaam) made Dua not only for himself, but included his children as well.
Dua 4 – Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) did not respond, which means the Dua was answered. So Ibrahim (alayhis salaam) continued, “And make us in complete submission before you. And out of our children, guarantee that some of them will only submit to You. And for those who are in submission to You, please teach us our rituals. And accept our Taubah (the fact that he is asking Taubah is showing his humility in the case he might have done something wrong).”
Dua 4 – The Dua continues as Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) remained silent as the Duas were being answered, “Appoint from our future generations a messenger from among them.” This was genius because an outsider is looked on as less relevant and cannot be the people’s leader. “A messenger, who will read onto them their miraculous signs, and will teach them their book and wisdom, cleanse and purify them.” The advent of the Prophet Muhammad (salAllahu alayhi wa sallam) was the response to this Dua.
The mentioned passage of verses are all concerned with parenthood. This is the concern of a father who thinks ahead. Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) finished talking about Ibrahim (alayhis salaam) with, “We had selected him in this world and in the Hereafter. Truly, he is from the righteous.”
The Ayah after this talks about Yaqub (alayhis salaam) and his advice to his children; instead of “Do not get less than a 90 in Math”, it was “Do not die except as Muslims.” Furthermore, the fact that it was Yaqub (alayhis salaam) that is in this Ayah shows that the Dua was not only answered for the progeny of Ismaeel (alayhis salaam), but the progeny of Ishaq (alayhis salaam). Yaqub, on his deathbed, says to his children, “What are you going to worship after I am gone?” The children answered, “We will worship your God, and the God of your fathers, Ibrahim, Ismaeel, and Ishaq, and we are Muslims completely to him.”
Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) finishes the passage by saying, “That’s a nation that was already gone. That group earned what they earned. And you will get what you earn and will not be interrogated for what they did.”
Subhanallah! What a wonderful summary of life.
Thank you Br. Nuoman
By Nouman Ali Khan. The Qur’an is stunning in its beauty, captivating in its words, overpowering in its message, enchanting in its harmony and baffling in its subtlety. This description means little to most, whose only exposure to the Qur’an is in translation. Join us in this remarkably unique single weekend seminar in which we will explore the unparalleled literary beauty of the Qur’an. Designed for audiences with and without background in Arabic, the program seeks to inspire unforgettable awe and appreciation of the greatest gift to humanity, the final installment of Divine Speech.