Ratib Al-Haddad is a dhikr (remembrance of Allāh) to be recited every night after ‘Ishā salāh. It is a collection of sūrahs (chapters) and verses from the Holy Qur’ān Karīm as well as the kalimāt (declarations of Muslim belief), tasbīhāt (glorification of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā) and various du‘ā (supplications) which the Beloved Prophet Muhammad al-Mustafā Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam recommended in his Blessed Sayings or Hadīth Sharīf.
Imām ‘Abdallāh bin ‘Alawī al-Haddād, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhu (1044-1132 H), popularly known as Mawlānā al-Haddād, has rendered a great service to Muslims in compiling the most beloved of these supplications in one small kitāb (booklet) called Rātib al-Shahīr, popularly known after him as Rātib al-Haddād.
It consists of just the most basic supplications which take at most 15 minutes to recite.
Rataba in Arabic means to arrange in a regular sequence. Thus a Rātib is a sequential supplication to Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta‘ālā. So, Rātib al-Haddād consists of the most well-known supplications of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, sequentially arranged by Mawlānā al-Haddād for regular voluntary recitation.
Shahīr in Arabic means famous. The Rātib of Mawlānā al-Haddād has become so famous that it is called Rātib al-Shahīr (The Famous Rātib).